Discoid Eczema and how to treat it

What is Discoid Eczema?

Most people are familiar with the skin condition eczema, however what many people don’t know is that there are several different types of eczema. Each type has its own causes, symptoms and treatments.

Discoid Eczema is one type of eczema. It is a rash that appears on the skin that looks like red coin-shaped discs, causing inflammation, itching and can be incredibly uncomfortable. Discoid Eczema is also known as nummular dermatitis or nummular eczema, due to its coin like shape.

It can appear on all parts of the body, although it’s typically found on the lower legs, hands and forearms. Unfortunately, Discoid Eczema is a chronic condition, which means it is long term. Fortunately, there are ways to manage the condition, reducing itching and discomfort.


Like most skin conditions, the causes are unknown. Whilst it can be caused by genetics, the condition may affect those with dry and sensitive skin. Those that suffer from atopic eczema already, may also find they are more prone to Discoid Eczema.


Symptoms vary from person to person, but may include:

  • Round or oval shaped red plaques
  • Raised and scaling on a red base that has a defined edge
  • Extremely itchy
  • Patch sizes can range from 2-10cm
  • Weeping and pus (could be a sign of infection)
  • Burning or stinging
  • Very dry and scaly
Diagnosing Discoid Eczema

If you suspect you may have Discoid Eczema, see your doctor. They will assess your skin, and can refer you to a dermatologist or skin specialist for further treatment.


Unfortunately there is no cure for Discoid Eczema, however there are many ways to relieve the symptoms. When it comes to treating dry skin conditions, the main focus is on rehydrating and protecting the skin.
A doctor may prescribe you a topical cream to apply to the affected areas to help manage symptoms.

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